Assessing CVD Risk: Traditional Approaches
- 1Key Points (1 page)
- 2The Framingham Heart Study (2 pages)
- 3Evaluating CHD Risk (2 pages)
- 4Some Framingham Milestones (4 pages)
- 5References (1 page)
- The seminal Framingham Heart Study has helped identify many major CHD risk factors by providing a simple CHD prediction algorithm that uses categorical variables to help physicians evaluate their patients’ CHD risk.
- The Framingham risk score is a useful tool to predict the absolute CHD risk of men and women who are initially free of CHD.
- Some of the most significant milestones of the Framingham study include the following:
1960: Cigarette smoking found to increase CHD risk
1961: Cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and electrocardiogram abnormalities found to
increase the risk of heart disease
1967: Physical activity found to reduce the risk of CHD and obesity to increase
the risk of CHD
1977: High HDL cholesterol levels found to protect against CHD
1981: Low LDL cholesterol concentrations linked to low incidence of CHD