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July 08, 2014
Lifestyle factors associated with abdominal obesity and cardiometabolic health
By The International Chair on Cardiometabolic Risk [8:23 min.] [69MB]
Determinants of abdominal obesity, nutrition and cardiometabolic health are discussed in this video by Drs. Robert Ross and Frank Hu in which the concept of nutritional quality is also addressed. For instance, Dr. Hu underlines the deleterious impact of an overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages on body weight, abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes. He also mentions that healthy alternatives, such as water or unsweetened coffee or tea, have been shown to be beneficial for health. On his side, Dr. Ross emphasizes that very simple health messages for the lay public can also be developed for physical activity. The recommended prescription of 150-300 minutes per week of moderate physical activity has been shown to have a very clear and positive effect on reducing waist circumference and intra-abdominal (visceral) fat. Dr. Hu then mentions that other features of our diet such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and yogurt also have beneficial effects on our waistline and on the related cardiometabolic risk profile. Moreover, the issue of carbohydrate quality (refined vs. complex) in the context of an active lifestyle is also discussed. Dr. Ross summarizes the discussion in two key points: 1) it is possible to make very straightforward changes to our diet and have a profound effect on our global health; and 2) it is relatively simple and possible to increase physical activity according to guidelines. Certainly, the combination of the two behaviours is the most favourable strategy to achieve or remain in optimal cardiometabolic health.

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Key Words
Cardiometabolic Risk, Physical Activity/Exercise, Nutrition