Managing CMR

Effects of Weight Loss on Adipose Tissue Distribution

Effect of Weight Loss on Intra-abdominal Obesity

Key Points

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  • Intra-abdominal fat is a strong predictor of metabolic abnormalities, disease, and mortality.
  • As little as 20 minutes of daily exercise can reduce intra-abdominal fat by 10%. Increasing exercise to 60 minutes a day can lead to even greater reductions (~30%).
  • Reducing daily caloric intake by 400 to 700 kcal can cause a 15 to 30% reduction in intra-abdominal fat.
  • For a given amount of weight loss, exercise preserves muscle mass and causes greater reductions in total and intra-abdominal fat compared to diet-induced weight loss.
  • Although reducing body weight causes the greatest reduction in intra-abdominal fat, exercise training can significantly reduce intra-abdominal fat, even when weight is maintained.