The Concept of CMR

The Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Epidemics

The Epidemiological Evidence

Key Points

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  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes are major cardiovascular risk factors that have reached epidemic proportions. Both diseases are increasing all over the world.
  • The “diabesity” epidemic strikes all genders, all ages, all educational levels, and all ethnicities.
  • Currently, 1.1 billion adults worldwide are overweight and 312 million of them are clinically obese.
  • The number of diabetic individuals in 2000 was 171 million. This number is expected to hit 366 million in 2030.
  • Obesity and diabetes rates have increased dramatically in children and adolescents worldwide.