The Concept of CMR

Epidemiology

Abdominal Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes

Key Points

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  • The fast, simultaneous growth of obesity and type 2 diabetes has led to the coining of the term “diabesity” to illustrate the close relationship between these two diseases.
  • A preferential accumulation of abdominal adipose tissue has been linked to glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance, which are metabolic complications predictive of increased type 2 diabetes risk.
  • Using simple tools such as waist circumference to measure intra-abdominal adiposity can help assess type 2 diabetes risk independent of relative weight (BMI).
  • These findings underscore the need to go beyond simple measurement of total body weight and BMI when evaluating type 2 diabetes risk in patients.