The Concept of CMR

Epidemiology

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes

Key Points

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  • Changes in human behaviour and lifestyle over the last century have spurred a dramatic increase in the incidence of obesity and type 2 diabetes worldwide.
  • Because obesity and diabetes are closely linked, the term “diabesity” has been coined to illustrate the interdependence of these two diseases.
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes frequently occur together and the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes are or have been obese.
  • Besides genetic susceptibility, obesity is the most important risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
  • Lifestyle changes are the best way to prevent obesity and slow this worldwide epidemic.