The Concept of CMR

Epidemiology

Traditional Modifiable CVD Risk Factors

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major cause of death among adults in most regions of the world. Among adults over 40 years of age, almost half of men and one-third of women will develop CHD in their lifetime. CHD causes half of all cardiovascular events in men and women under 75 years of age. There is now considerable evidence to suggest that most coronary events may be preventable. For instance, the relationship between CHD and traditional risk factors, such as cholesterol and lipid levels, blood pressure, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle, is well established and has been reported in several populations. Aggressive efforts to assess and control/prevent these major risk factors can significantly reduce CHD morbidity and mortality, increase overall longevity, and ultimately lower healthcare costs.